Vasil Gluchman: Human Dignity as the Essence of Nussbaum’s Ethics of Human Development (EN 2018)
Philosophia. DOI: 10.1007/s11406-018-0034-2

Abstract: Martha C. Nussbaum, in the context of ancient philosophy, formulated ethics of human development based on 10 basic human capabilities (and opportunities) as a precondition of meaningful human development, i.e. the ability to live a dignified human life. The paper, thus, deals with a capabilities approach with the aim of analysing the content of the idea of human dignity in Nussbaum’s understanding and its place in the conception of ethics of human development, since human dignity is the very core of the conception in question.
Keywords: Martha C. Nussbaum Ethics of human development Capabilities approach Human dignity

Vladislav Suvák: Patočka and Foucault: Taking Care of the Soul and Taking Care of the Self. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology (EN 2018). DOI: 10.1080/00071773.2018.1495402.

Abstract: The paper deals with Jan Patočka’s and Michel Foucault’s influential interpretations of the ancient Greek approach to care (epimeleia). At first sight, it might seem that Foucault’s care of the self is opposed to Patočka’s care of the soul. On closer reading, however, it becomes clear that the two interpretations lead to similar conclusions, as exemplified by the way the two authors interpret Plato’s Laches: both of them see it in relation to the issue of how to live one’s life. Further on, the paper deals with the development of Patočka’s understanding of care of the self and his approach to the philosophy of history. It is revealed that Foucault’s approach to history is opposed to Patočka’s on a number of issues. Despite their diverging opinions, however, the two authors problematize the ancient Greek care of the self as an important issue in Western culture, emphasizing the therapeutic role of contemporary philosophy along the way. 


Lívia Flachbartová, Pavol Sucharek, Vladislav Suvák: Care of the Self: Ancient Problematizations of Life and Contemporary Thought. Leiden: Brill 2018. 

The studies included in the Care of the Self: Ancient Problematizations of Life and Contemporary Thought focus on different manifestations of “taking care of the self” present in ancient and contemporary thought. Each of these studies approaches the issue of taking care of the self from a different perspective: Part I by Vladislav Suvák focuses on Socrates’ therapeutic education; Part II by Lívia Flachbartová centres on Diogenes’ ascetic practices; and Part III by Pavol Sucharek concentrates on Henri Maldiney’s existential phenomenology. Taking care of the self (epimeleia heautou) is not just one of a great many topics associated with ancient ethics. Echoing Michel Foucault, we could say that the care of the self applies to all problematizations of life.

 Care of the Self BRILL Cover

Care of the Self BRILL Flyer



Vladislav Suvák, Foucault: Od starosti o seba k ontológii nás samých (SK 2017)

Článok sa zaoberá posledným Foucaultovým obdobím a pokúša sa zasadiť jeho skúmania starosti o seba v antickej kultúre do širšieho rámca štúdia ontológie nás samých.



Foucault Od starosti o seba k ontológii nás samých


Vladislav Suvák: Patočka a Foucault: starosť o dušu a starosť o seba (Patočka and Foucault: Care for the Soul and Care for the Self, SK 2017). Filosofický časopis, Vol. 65, 6/2017, pp. 887-910.

The article deals with two influential interpretations of the Greek approach to care  (epimeleia) in the work of Jan Patočka and Michel Foucault. At first sight, it seems that Foucault’s concept of care for the self (epimleia heautú) is in opposition to Patočka’s concept of care for the soul (epimeleia tés psychés). However, on a closer reading we find that both accounts arrive at the same conclusion. We can see this, for example, in the interpretation of Plato’s dialogue Laches which both authors put into the context of the way of life. In the following part of the article attention is paid to the development of Patočka’s understanding of care for the soul, and his approach to the philosophy of history. It is shown that Foucault’s approach to history is in many ways in opposition to Patočka’s. However, in spite of the different approaches to history, both authors problematize Greek care as an important theme of western culture and, against that background, they emphasise the therapeutic task of contemporary philosophy.

Patocka a Foucault

Academic journal Human Affairs published monothematic issue 4/2017: Care of the Self in the Global Era. Introductory paper by Ľubomír Dunaj and Vladislav Suvák



Care of the self in the global era



Vladislav Suvák, On the dialectical character of Antisthenes’ speeches Ajax and Odysseus (EN 2018). In: Alessandro Stavru, Christopher Moore: Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue. Leiden: Brill (forthcoming)

The aim of this chapter is neither a detailed analysis nor a systematic interpretation of Antisthenes’ speeches Ajax and Odysseus but rather a study of their integration into the broader context of Socratic literature and the narrower context of Antisthenes’ testimonia. I would like to ask a simple question: Is it possible to read Antisthenes’ speeches as texts belonging to what we call the Socratic literature? If it is possible to interpret the speeches in terms of the Socratic dialectical reasoning that we find in Plato or Xenophon, then Ajax and Odysseus could represent an alternative form of the Socratic search for a good life—an alternative to the genre of Socratic dialogues as a whole…

Description of the book

COVER Socrates_and_the_Socratic_Dialogue

On the dialectical character of Antisthenes’ speeches Ajax and Odysseus



Vladislav Suvák, Antisthenés: Štyri štúdie (SK 2017). 

Prešov University Press published the monograph Antisthenes: Four studies.

The studies included in this collection are based on preserved testimonies on the Socratic philosopher Antisthenes. The first chapter is a sketch of Antisthenes intellectual biography, which relies on more or less reliable reports about his life and work. The second chapter suggests how to reconstruct Antisthenes’ thought if we were to accept the opinion of ancient doxographers that Antisthenes was one of the most close Socrates’ followers and at the same time the forerunner of the Cynic movement. The third chapter asks whether we can read Antisthenes speech Ajax and Odysseus as examples of Socratic searching for a good life. The fourth chapter deals with the therapeutic role of practical wisdom. Two appendices are attached: Appendix 1 is an extension of the explanation of Antisthenes’ concept of practical wisdom in his speeches Ajax and Odysseus. Appendix 2 is an attempt to interpret the last words of Socrates in Plato’s Phaedo, which give the Antisthenes’ thought a therapeutic significance. 

antisthenes 2017 ukazka



Lívia Flachbartová, Od sókratovcov k sókratovským školám (SK 2017), Filozofia, 72, 6, pp. 487-496

The aim of this paper is to present recent Socratic studies as offered in the collected papers edited by Ugo Zilioli titled From the Socratics to the Socratic Schools: Classical Ethics, Metaphysics and Epistemology (2015) in the context of Slovak researches in this field. The paper has twofold ambition: to be informative about contemporary Socratic studies as well as to be protreptic for further reading and the exploration of the Socratic tradition.

FLACHBARTOVÁ, Od sókratovcov k sókratovským školám


Vladislav Suvák, Odvaha k pravde: Foucault a kynici (SK 2017), Filozofia, 72, 6, pp. 429-439

The article goes back to Foucault’s last course at the Collège de France (Le courage de la verité). Two issues are its focus: (1) Socratic conception of philosophy as a way of life; (2) Cynic conception of the true life. Foucault used Cynics’ thought as an example of an alternative approach to the history of subjectivity, which in turn could help us in our searching for modern ways of constituting the ethical subject.

Odvaha k pravde Foucault a kynici


Pavol Sucharek, Zmierenie nie je odpustenie. Chvála odpustenia (SK 2017), Filozofia, 72, 6, pp. 417-428

Contrary to reconciliation forgiveness in modern sense appears in philosophy in the context of “German guilt” relatively lately, namely as late as at the end of the second half of the 20th century. It is perhaps due to this relative novelty that the two are arbitrarily mistaken one with another or understood as mutually dependent. In addition to a briefly outlined historical context we focus on unveiling the essential differences between reconciliation and forgiveness. Metaphorically speaking, the forgiveness requires face-to-face relationship with the other, while reconciliation settles for walking side by side. While forgiveness represents a radical event, the reconciliation cannot deny its cunning dialectical origin. Thus the praise of forgiveness is the praise of that special, paradoxical and probably even still not conferred gift so desperately expected by modern humans.

SUCHAREK, Zmierenie nie je odpustenie. Chvála odpustenia


Sokrates a sokratika 2015_coverVladislav Suvák, Sókratés a sokratika I. (2. edition, SK 2017)

Prešov University Press published the course book Socrates and Socratic Movement I.

The study is an introduction to a relatively complicated reconstruction of a place of Socrates in the history of ancient philosophy. The starting point of the study is the “Socratic problem”. The aim of the study is not resolving the problem, but rather a thorough problematization of it.

Electronic source


Vladislav Suvák, Socratic Therapy: The Role of Socrates (EN 2016)

Philosophia: Journal of the Academy of Athens, Vol. 46, 2016, pp. 88-100

Φιλοσοφία: Εκδόσεις Κέντρου Ερεύνης της Ελληνικής Φιλοσοφίας, Τόμος 46, 2016, σελ. 88-100

Ή θεραπευτική προσέγγιση στη μελέτη τής σωκρατικής λογοτεχνίας τοΰ 4ου αί. π.Χ. βασίζεται στήν υπόθεση ότι ό Σωκράτης, όπως εμφανίζεται στους σωκρατικούς δια-λόγους, δέν είναι μόνον ένας ακούραστος άναζητητής τής αλήθειας ή ύπόδειγμα ήθικής συμπεριφοράς άλλά καί ένας δεινός θεραπευτής ψυχών. Τό άρθρο αυτό έστιάζει σέ άρκετά χωρία άπό τούς σωκρατικούς διαλόγους στά όποια ό Σωκράτης εξηγεί τον ρόλο του στούς διαλόγους συνδέοντάς τον μέ τήν θεραπείαν.

Socratic Therapy The Role of Socrates


The Classical Review published a review of Antisthenes of Athens by Susan Prince (EN 2016)

ANTISTHENES AND THE BEGINNING OF THE SOCRATIC MOVEMENT – Prince (S.) Antisthenes of Athens. Texts, Translations, and Commentary. Pp. x + 774. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2015. Cased, US$130. ISBN: 978-0-472-11934-9

Online: First view


Vasil Gluchman, Rodina ako prejav etiky starosti o seba a iných (SK 2016)


Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego vydalo publikáciu venovanú etike, rodine a spoločennosti: Etyka, rodzina, społeczeństwo (Rzeszów 2016)

Gluchman, Rodina ako prejav etiky starosti


Oľga Sisáková: Antropologické a axiologické východiská Sloterdijkovej koncepcie antropotechník (SK 2016)

The studies included in the book Care of the Self: Ancient Problematizations of Life and Contemporary Thought focus on different manifestations of taking care of the self present in ancient and contemporary thought.

In the third chapter of the monograph (Anthropological and Axiological Grounds of Sloterdijk’s Conception of Anthropotechnics), the issue of the care of the self is examined within the context of contemporary philosophy in the second half of the 20th century. The primary subject matter of analysis is argument concerning the anthropotechnical turn in original ethical conception of P. Sloterdijk. The examination focuses on his philosophical-anthropological theory and metanoetical variant of individual ethics. The interpretation of main statements, terms and original metaphors is introduced within a wider context of philosophical, culturological and sociological discussions regarding the restored traditional topics of “the care of oneself”, “the aesthetics of existence”, and “the art of living”. Analysis and criticism is designed as a counter position to modern activism, instrumentalism, consumer mass culture, and optimistic anthropologism. Sloterdijk proceeds from the spirit of these attitudes of post-postmodern period in his conception of “the practising life” and announces the radical change in culture – anthropotechnical turn. He presents courageous interpretation of anthropotechnics based on the assumption of vertical tension of human existence. As the aim of this autoformative praxis, Sloterdijk determines the ability to live according to ethical difference. In doing so, he holds a mirror of asceticism freed from religious connotations to the contemporary culture of “experience”.  He provides a maxim to individual ethics, which is artistic existence, autoformation of man in asceticism or exercises. According to Sloterdijk, the recognition of a change in value-focus of asceticism has an anthropological as well as an ethical significance. Following from these grounds, a new anthropological turn (as anthropotechnical turn) can be observed and the possibilities of formation of new type of individual ethics can be considered. By asserting the criterion of “height”, ethics of metanoetical character, which is preferred by Sloterdijk, may be classified within the conceptions of ethical perfectionism that has its limits. In the present study, the framework of an evaluation of Sloterdijk’s merit is formed by Foucault’s examinations, Sennett’s sociology, and Schmid’s philosophy of the art of living.

3 Antropologické a axiologické východiská Sloterdijkovej koncepcie antropotechník (ukážka)

Lívia Flachbartová: Starosť o seba a Diogenove asketické praktiky (SK 2016)

The studies included in the book Care of the Self: Ancient Problematizations of Life and Contemporary Thought focus on different manifestations of taking care of the self present in ancient and contemporary thought.

The second part (Care of the self and Diogenes‘ Ascetic Practices) deals with Foucault’s notion of the care of oneself (epimeleia heautou) and its particular form found within the tradition concerning the Cynic Diogenes of Sinope. Epimeleia heautou as a complex notion associating demand on truth with different ways how to attain the access to the truth takes a specific adaptation in Cynicism, since it is precisely Cynic’s life where the truth manifests itself. In this respect, Cynicism can be comprehended as a set of individual practices (askēsis). Diogenes’ ascetic practices are essentially interrelated with an ethically understood labour (ponos). This association expresses the need of hard work and necessity of enormous individual endeavour one has to undertake in order to live a good life. Diogenes’ care of the self does not exhaust itself in the care of truth or care of soul (psykhē), for it is in the full sense of the word the care of his life (bios) founded on conscious improving his character (ēthos) through physical and spiritual (mental) practices. Diogenes lives his life in public – not only his material existence and physical appearance is exposed to the sight of others, but it is also and foremost the question of open and frank presentation of his attitudes, opinions and thoughts. Telling the truth (parrhēsia) is conditioned by the Cynic’s way of life. There can be found no difference between Diogenes thoughts, words and deeds, and in this respect Diogenes represents a model example of true philosophical life set into the framework of the notion of care of the self. In addition, Cynic care of the self involves the care for others as well. Diogenes’ life in public and his ascetic practices including parrhēsia take an educational role as he criticizes a conventional way of life (based on customs, traditions, unreflected opinions, etc.). Diogenes uses practical gestures in order to deliver his philosophical message – he does not explain his attitudes, he simply demonstrates the truth and criticism of others in his action and in the way how he leads his life.

2 Starosť o seba a Diogenove asketické praktiky (ukážka)

Vladislav Suvák: Sókratovská terapia ako starosť o seba a druhých (SK 2016)

The studies included in the book Care of the Self: Ancient Problematizations of Life and Contemporary Thought focus on different manifestations of taking care of the self present in ancient and contemporary thought.

Highlighting the therapeutic approach to reading Socratic literature of the 4th century BC, the first part (Socratic therapy as a care of the self and the others) is based on the assumption that the Socrates portrayed in the Socratic dialogues is not only a tireless examiner and a model of ethical conduct, but also a soul healer. Socratic dialogues frequently refer to therapy (gr. therapeia) when they attribute to Socrates the ability to heal, i.e. to help himself and others take care of themselves through conversations. Socrates encourages his associates to jointly examine life based on excellent conduct. Rather than seeking to gain knowledge of what excellence is, however, he engages his interlocutors to strengthen their wisdom. Socrates often stresses that he is not a teacher because he does not offer any ready-made knowledge. Nonetheless, he does help his associates seek a better way of life – thanks to the love that he feels for them. In addition to being a metaphor of intimate friendship, Socrates’ Eros also makes his educational mission different from other period forms of upbringing and education. Socrates practices his art by being a soul healer who, instead of offering generally valid solutions to problems, encourages those he is fond of to take care of their selves. In this sense, Socrates’ activity is therapeutic rather than pedagogic. The goal of Socratic upbringing is to make individuals seek ways of turning their lives into something that is both good and beautiful, the key excellence in this effort being practical wisdom (fronēsis). In other words, the therapeutic task of wisdom is to do away with all false assumptions about what it means to live a good life.

1 Sókratovská terapia ako starosť o seba a druhých (ukážka)

Starosť o seba: Antické problematizácie života a súčasné myslenie (SK 2016)

The studies included in the book Care of the Self: Ancient Problematizations of Life and Contemporary Thought focus on different manifestations of taking care of the self present in ancient and contemporary thought.



Starosť o seba (obsah a predslov)



Diogenis fragmenta / Diogenove zlomky (SK 2016)

Vydavateľstvo Univerzity Komenského (Comenius University Press) published the transletion of  Diogenes` fragments into Slovak (Andrej Kalaš) with an extended commentary (Jaroslav Cepko, Vladislav Suvák). This is the first complete traslation of Diogenes` fragments into the modern languages based on Gabriele Giannantoni`s edition of Greek and Latin texts (Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae, Vol. II., pp. 227 – 422).

Diogenis fragmenta sample 


Vasil Gluchman, Idea starostlivosti o seba a iných alebo umenie života podľa Johna Stuarta Milla (SK 2016)

The author examines the concept of the art of life on the background of taking care of the self and others. His conclusion is that for Mill there are two patterns of right life. In the 3rd edition of his System of Logic (1851) he gives a brief outline of the art of life, i.e. the symbiosis of the good, truth and beauty, which should help an individual to achieve happiness in her/his life. This idea of the art of life he later developed in his works On Liberty (1859) and Utilitarianism (1861). Especially in the first one he was concerned with fundamental attributes of taking care of the self and others in the context of practicing liberty. Liberty is the presupposition of the individual’s well-being and as such it contributes to utility which is the fundamental principle of ethics. Self-cultivation and perfection of individual’s morality make for Mill the fundament of the individual’s as well as humankind’s self-fulfillment. Taking care of the self includes the duty to care for the others, i.e. the obligation to contribute to their well-being.

Key words: Art of life, Beauty, Care of the self, Happiness, John Stuart Mill, The good, Truth, Well-being

Idea starostlivosti o seba a iných alebo umenie života podľa Johna Stuarta Milla


cover-kd_2016_2On the Nature of the History of Philosophy. Discussion of Pavol Labuda with Vladislav Suvák and Matúš Porubjak (SK 2016)

ABSTRACT: The reason for this debate was an attempt to get the views of two historians of philosophy of the nature of their own discipline over to the readers of the Cultural History journal. The discussion is focused on the question: What is the nature of philosophy like? For over two decades both academics have engaged in the basic research (translation, analysis and interpretation) of the source literature of ancient philosophical thought. Thus, they step before their students and readers with certain pre-understanding of the nature of their own work. The aim of the debate is to present their understanding of the history of philosophy.


obalkaLívia Flachbartová: Diogenovský kynizmus ako spôsob života (SK 2015)

Philosophical Faculty of Prešov University Press published a monograph by Livia Flachbartová. The book deals with ancient Cynicism and Diogenes of Sinope. Livia Flachbartová focuses on several important moments of Cynic’s way of life: the ethical work on the self, self-sufficiency, freedom of speech and freedom of action.

Lívia Flachbartová, Diogenovský kynizmus ako spôsob života (ukazka)


filozofia-2016-5-webVladislav Suvák: Socratic Therapeia: Platoʼs Charmides 153a-158d (SK 2016)

Abstract: A therapeutic approach to reading the Socratic literature of the 4th century B.C. is based on the assumption that Socrates appears in Socratic dialogues not only as a persistent investigator or as a paradigm of ethical behaviour, but also as a therapist. Socrates cures the souls of his loved companions. Therapeia in Plato’s Charades is a mask which Socrates deploys to force the young Charmides to examine the excellence (aretê). At the same time therapeia is a metaphor for Socratic dialogue as an art of curing through speeches (logo). Reading the prologue 153a-158d of Charades as a dramatic genre the paper tries to outline the possible meaning of Socratic “speech therapy” in the context of a profound examination of excellence (aretê) as the care for the self and the others.
Key words: Care for the self, Plato’s Charmides, Sôphrosunê, Therapeutic function of Socratic dialogues

Platónov Charmidés 153a-158d


fenomenologia stretnutiaPavol Sucharek (ed.): FENOMENOLÓGIA STRETNUTIA. Prešov: Filozofická fakulta Prešovskej univerzity (PHENOMENOLOGY OF ENCOUNTER, SK 2015)

This publication is a translation of two texts by contemporary thinkers concerning the project Care of the self: Ancient problematizations of life and contemporary thinking. Translation includes two papers by F.J.J. Buytendijk and Henri Maldiney, and introductory paper by Pavol Sucharek.

Pavol Sucharek, Fenomenologia stretnutia Úvod



DIÓN Z PRÚSY: “DIOGENÉS ALEBO O ZDATNOSTI” (Dio Chrysostom, Diogenes or On virtue, SK 2016)

Translation of Dio Chrysostom speech Diogenes or On virtue into Slovak. The Greek text of the speech Διογένης ἢ περὶ ἀρετῆς [= Dio Chrysost., Orat. VIII (7)]) in: J. von Arnim: Dionis Prusaensis quem vocant Chrysostomum quae exstant omnia, Vol. I.

Dion, Diogenes alebo O zdatnosti


filozofia-2016-2-webVladislav Suvák: “Sókratovská therapeia: Antisthenés o rozumnosti” (“Socratic Therapeia: Antisthenes on Practical Wisdom”, SK 2016)

The paper offers a reconstruction of Antisthenes’ understanding of practical wisdom, based on the comparison of doxographic reports on Antisthenes with Xenophon’s portrait of the philosopher. The comparison shows that Antisthenes links wisdom with perseverance and self-control – with an asceticism that results in excellent decisions. The therapeutic function of wisdom consists in eliminating all deceptive assumptions about what it means to live a good life. However, wisdom alone is not enough for anyone to live a happy life. Wisdom requires Socratic education, i.e. instructions concerning our attitudes to others as well as ourselves.

Antisthenes o rozumnosti



Troska o duszePavol Sucharek: „Troska o duszę jako podstawowa rola fenomenologii w rozwoju współczesnej technokracji“ (SK 2015)


In: Humanistika. Księga pamiątkowa poświecona pamięci profesora Jacka Rąba. Zabrze 2015. s. 158 – 165. ISBN 978-83-62023-38-7 (SK 2015)

Sucharek – Troska o dusze



logoLívia Flachbartová, “DIOGENES THE CYNIC: A SAGE OR A MADMAN?“ (SK 2015)

One of the most famous anecdotes concerning Diogenes (DL VI 41 [= V B 272 SSR]) describes the Cynic walking on agora in the full daylight with lit lantern and saying he is looking for a man. Obviously, those Diogenes going by do not fit in his notion of a man – he considers them being rather unreasonable fools. This indicates Diogenes notion of a man not only differs from but even contradicts to usual understanding. This is one of the reasons why Diogenes is accompanied by the reputation of a sage as well as of a madman. In this paper, I focus on the analysis of this anecdote in order to outline the Cynic’s notion of a (reasonable) man.
Key words: Diogenes – man – reason

Lívia Flachbartová, KYNIK DIOGENÉS



The paper deals with culture theory and the concept of anthropotechnics of Peter Sloterdijk. It examines his interpretation of symbolic systems in the perspective of the anthropological turn and the general immunological theory of man. The paper attempts to answer the question, what are the phenomena of spirituality in the perspective of “general theory of practices“, predominantly in the context of Sloterdijk´s ethics. Metanoetical imperative “You must change your life” implies the experience of conversion as personal reintegration. For the explanation of microstructure of this experience Sloterdijk chooses art. The author of the paper follows current cultural context and the possibilities of developing philosophical spirituality.

Key words: anthropotechnics, homo immunologicus, metanoetics, religious experience.



Sokrates a sokratika 2015_coverVladislav Suvák, Sókratés a sokratika I. (SK 2015)

Prešov University Press published the course book Socrates and Socratic Movement I.

The study is an introduction to a relatively complicated reconstruction of a place of Socrates in the history of ancient philosophy. The starting point of the study is the “Socratic problem”. The aim of the study is not resolving the problem, but rather a thorough problematization of it.

Sokrates a sokratika 2015



JP2_coverPavol Sucharek: “Starosť o seba ako vzťah k Inému – Eros a plodnosť” (SK 2015)

Abstract: My intention is exposing erotic relationship within the limits of the phenomenological project of known French philosopher Emmanuel Levinas in context of self-care. Levinas does not describe erotic relationship based on freedom, but on the basis of the otherness of the other person (otherness of “femininity”). If we do not want to devalue the real sense of sexuality, we cannot describe it in the categories of power and possession. If should be possible to own another human being, it would not be a relationship with another. Relationship to another person Levinas does not explain like connection or harmony. Because sexuality is according to Levinas victory over death (known relationship eros-thanatos) my benefit analysis will also introduce the temporal aspect of this transcendent event.

Starosť o seba ako vzťah k Inému – Eros a plodnosť


JP2_coverOľga Sisáková: “Starosť o seba v kontexte sociálnych dilem” (SK 2015)

Abstract: Autor of the paper follows the process of transformation of Ancient Christian projects of the „care of the self“ in contemporary individualistic culture. She focuses on limits of the programe of the care of the self in asymmetric and dilemmatic social and personal relationships of contemporary society.

Starosť o seba v kontexte sociálnych dilem



Uloha ponos v kynickej etike 2015Lívia Flachbartová: “Úloha ponos v kynickej etike” (SK 2015) 

Prešov University Press published the paper about the role of the ponos in Greek Cynicism by Lívia Flachbartová

Uloha ponos v kynickej etike 2015


KniznicaVladislav Suvák: Kynizmus grécky a moderný I. (SK 2015)

 Prešov University Press published electronically the course book Cynicism: Greek and Modern I.

Electronic book (2. extended edition.pdf)

Kynizmus grécky a moderný I. (electronic edition SK 2015)


Antisthenica2014Lívia Flachbartová, “Diogenes of Sinope as Socrates mainomenos” (EN 2014)

In: Antisthenica Cynica Socratica, Prague: OIKOYMENH (see below).



Diogenes of Sinope as Socrates mainomenos (sample)


Antisthenica2014Vladislav Suvák, “Antisthenes between Diogenes and Socrates” (EN 2014)

In: Antisthenica Cynica Socratica, Prague: OIKOYMENH (see below). 

Antisthenes between Diogenes and Socrates (sample)


Antisthenica2014Antisthenica Cynica Socratica. Prague: OIKOYMENH (EN, IT, ESP, FR 2014)

The contributions contained in the collection of essays Antisthenica Cynica Socratica attempt to reconstruct Antisthenes’ thinking in the wider context of ancient philosophy. Antisthenes is approached as an important personality forming some kind of bridge between the classical Socratic tradition of thought and Hellenistic forms of Socratism. In this respect, a crucial place is held by Cynicism, which espouses the Socratic legacy thanks to Antisthenes’ ethical teaching.

The contributions included in this collection of essays deal with the question of Antisthenes’ and Diogenes’ Socratism from various points of view. Pedro Pablo Fuentes González and Vladislav Suvák address the relationship between Antisthenes Sokratikos and Diogenes Antisthenikos; Giuseppe Mazzara and Susan Prince interpret Antisthenes’ speeches Ajax and Odysseus from different perspectives; Aldo Brancacci reconstructs the relation between philosophy and rhetoric in Antisthenes; Claudia Mársico questions some methodological dimensions of Antisthenic philosophy; Igor Deraj asks how Socratic Antisthenes’ investigation of names is; Louis-André Dorion looks into Antisthenes’ conception of autarkeia (“self-sufficiency”); Lívia Flachbartová looks for the possible meanings of Diogenes as Socrates mainomenos (“Socrates gone mad”); Kajetan Wandowicz asks if early Cynics speak against homosexuality; Dominique Bertrand expounds the Cynicism of Charles Coypeau Dassoucy, and William Desmond tries to show how we can understand Hegel’s interpretation of Antisthenes.

Antisthenica Cynica Socratica (Contents)



kynizmus OBALKAVladislav Suvák: Kynizmus grécky a moderný I. (SK 2014)

Prešov University Press published the course book entitled Cynicism: Greek and Modern I.

Kynizmus grécky a moderný I. Úvod (Introduction.pdf)


Filozofia_2014_10LÍVIA FLACHBARTOVÁ: “Kynic Parrhesiastic Practicies. Diogenesʼ Performative Wisdom” (SK 2014)

Slovak academic journal Filozofia 10/2014 has published the paper „Kynic Parrhesiastic Practicies“

The paper deals with parrhesiastic practices of the Cynic Diogenes of Sinope. Cynic parrhēsia, the freedom of speech, works on two inseparable levels: on the individual-ethical level as the practice of truth-telling aiming at truthful and frank relationship to oneself; and as an educational practice on the level of social criticism. First, we ana-lyze parrhēsia as a part of the Socratic care of the self (ἐπιμέλεια ἑαυτοῦ), and as one of the modes of truth-telling, which Foucault characterizes as the discourse of ēthos. Further, we analyze Ancient sources depicting Diogenes’ approach to others in dif-ferent situations with an emphasis on his gestural argumentation and comic use of body as well as on his practical refutation of other philosophers.
Keywords: Parrhesiastic practices − Ethos − Diogenes of Sinope − Foucault

 Kynické parrhesiastické praktiky. Diogenova performatívna múdrosť


Filozofia_2014_10VLADISLAV SUVÁK: “Socratic therapeia: The Role of Socrates” (SK 2014)

Slovak academic journal Filozofia 10/2014 has published the paper „Socratic iherapeia“ 

The basic author’s assumption is that the common characteristic of the corpus of So-cratic literature is its therapeutic function. Accepting this assumption means that in the interpretation of Socratic dialogues the dramatic structure of the text and the analysis of the ethical problems would be equally important. The paper elucidates Socratesʼ own explaining his role in selected dialogues of Socratic literature. Socra-tes repeatedly and in various situations declares himself as one who has no know-ledge, and is not a teacher. Despite his disavowal of knowledge he is able to help young men to find a better way of life thanks to love he feels toward them. Socrates’ role in dialogues is a therapeutic one: He does not offer any universal solutions to the problems but rather encourages young men to take a permanent care of the self.
Keywords: Socratic dialogues – Role of Socrates in dialogues – Therapeutic func-tion of Socratic dialogues – Care of the self

Sókratovská therapeia: Úloha Sókrata


Filozofia_2014_10PAVOL SUCHAREK: “Self-Awareness and Openness: Reconstruction of Phenomenological Approach in Psychotherapy” (SK 2014)

Slovak academic journal Filozofia 10/2014 has published the paper „Self-Awareness and Openness“

Phenomenological approach is not only a matter of academic philosophy; it is also effectively applied in the field of psychotherapeutic practice. Technology of self-awareness – in the sense of self-experiencing of our existence in the world – devel-oped on the phenomenological grounds aims primarily at the integration of behavior observed and experiencing deeper levels of personal condition with an ambition to get as close as possible to the situation experienced. The connection of Gestalt thera-py and its specific theoretical model of “field” with modern phenomenological con-cept of “event” can be seen as a paradigmatic example of the application of such a method. The existential analysis of French philosopher Henri Maldiney is the back-ground of the description of contemporary art-therapeutic approaches with an em-phasis on the key categories of the whole process, i.e. self-awareness and openness.
Keywords: Psychotherapy – Phenomenology of event – Art therapy – Gestalt therapy

Sebauvedomenie a otvorenosť. K rekonštrukcii fenomenologického prístupu v psychoterapii


Filozofia_2014_10OĽGA SISÁKOVÁ, „You Must Change Your Life“: The New Anthropology of Peter Sloterdijk (SK 2014)

Slovak academic journal Filozofia 10/2014 has published the paper „You Must Change Your Life“

The contribution deals with one of the problematizations of the care of the self-conception on the background of the anthropology and ethics of P. Sloterdijk, who has been exploring the issues since 1977. In 1999 his Elmau lecture Rules for the Human ZOO motivated one of the two most relevant discussions in 20th century philosophical anthropology. He proved to be perhaps the most radical critic of phil-osophical anthropology (similarly to the discussion with Cassirer as early as in 1929 in which he rejected the anthropologism of philosophical anthropology in favor of fundamental ontology). The lecture was intended as a response to Heideggers´ Letter on Humanism in which Sloterdijk used Hedegger´s ontological metaphors to ap-proach the past and future of humanity, including anthropogenesis, current applica-tion of anthropotechnics and the threat of transcending present boundaries in new genetic definitions.
Keywords: P. Sloterdijk – Care of the self – Heidegger – Anthropologism – An-thropotechnics – Genetics

Musíš meniť svoj život – k novej antropológii Petra Sloterdijka


FC_obalka_5_2014Vladislav Suvák, „Protagoras’ gods“ (SK 2014)

Filosofický časopis 5/2014 has published the paper „Protagoras’ gods“.

Protagoras is usually connected with the homo-mensura thesis which is interpreted as a defence of relativism, subjectivism or scepticism. A similar approach is brought to our reading of other fragments by Protagoras, for example fragment 80 B 4 DK, which is concerned with the gods. The starting point for Protagoras’ thought, however, may be the thesis that logos has a dual character. From the point of view of this thesis, Protagoras’ statement about the gods may be interpreted as an anti-logical examination of various opinions on the existence of the gods and the manifestation of their deity. This paper deals with the interpretational possibilities of Protagoras’ view of the gods. An alternative reading of fragment 80 B 4 DK in the context of the literature of the time indicates that Protagoras may not have been formulating sceptical objections to the knowledge of the gods, but may instead have been attempting to delineate an anthropological approach to religion which would lead to the need for a new role for mankind.

Keywords: Protagoras, the homo-mensura thesis, knowledge of the gods, anthropological theology.

Protagorovi bohovia


filozofia-2014-7_0Pavol Sucharek, “The Human as an Open and Rhythmical Unity. Henry Maldiney” (SK 2014)

Paper published in the journal Filozofia 7/2014.

In his work, recently departed French philosopher Henri Maldiney, examines the forms of human experiencing on formal level of openness to the world. According to him the fundamental modes o f human experiencing in real sense are aisthesis and kinesis, what means certain formal emptiness, and at the same time a transformation. Transformation as a modification and pass-over is the essence o f shaping the form – Gestaltung. This contribution is concentrated on some of the constitutive elements of the human on pathic level. Forasmuch as perception is not just a pure receptivity, absorbing information through our five senses, it is a manifestation of the self with regard to something what is not in the world yet, and simultaneously an incursion of the world, whose movement points to the other part o f human self. The basic moment of becoming the self is an ecstatic openness of Emptiness, which is for Maldiney a measure of distance and spacing. Existence is thus just an open development of a closeness-distance o f being.

Keywords: The human – Existence – Openness – Aisthesis – Space – Gestaltung.

Sucharek – Ľudské ako otvorená a rytmická jednota. Henri Maldiney text


logoLívia Flachbartová, „Kynizmus ako umenie života“ („Cynicism as the Art of Living“) SK 2014

Paper published in the collection of essays Filozofia a umenie žiť (Philosophy and the Art of Living), P. Sucharek & R. Sťahel (eds.), Bratislava – Nitra 2014

Abstract: Cynics are known for their philosophical activity that has been primarily oriented on praxis, on the art of living (τέχνη τοῦ βίου). Philosophy is for Cynics the way of life – Cynics, similarly as Socrates, did not build up a philosophical system; their philosophy is represented in biographical anecdotes reflecting the praxis of their life. For practical philosophy of the Cynics is characteristic that it is strictly individualistic. First and foremost is the relationship to oneself as well as the labour (πόνος) on oneself associated with an effort to overmaster own life and with an independent decision-making based on own reason. Genuine good is for Cynics a good life (εὖ ζῆν) lived in accordance with nature, aimed at self-sufficiency (αὐτάρκεια) and freedom (ἐλευθερία) that are achieved through training (ἄσκησις).

Key words: Cynicism – Diogenes of Sinope – the way of life

Lívia Flachbartová, Kynizmus ako umenie života


OsamelostOľga Sisáková, Osamelosť v individualistickej kultúre (“Loneliness in the individualistic culture”) SK 2014 

Chapter published in a collective monograph Loneliness as a Philosophical Problem,  J. Šlosiar & M. Palenčár (eds.), Belianum 2014

Oľga SISÁKOVÁ, Osamelosť v individualistickej kultúre (SK)


filozofia-2014-3rVladislav Suvák, Žáner epideiktických rečí a Gorgiov Palamédés (“The Genre of Epideictic Speeches and Gorgias’ Palamedes”) SK 2014 

Paper published in the journal Filozofie 3/2014.

The first part of the paper outlines the status of the genre of epideictic literature in the 5th century BC as well as the Gorgianic figures of speech as found in the Ancient handbooks of rhetoric. The second part deals with the methods of argumentation (apagōge and eikos) used by Gorgias in his speeches Encomium of Helen and Defence of Palamedes. The final part offers an analysis and brief interpretation of Defence of Palamedes which is not only a brilliant example of rhetorical style but also a demonstration of epistemological conviction that the it is impossible for us to reveal the truth.

Introductory study to the Gorgias’ Palamedes and translation of the speech (SK)

 Žáner epideiktických rečí a Gorgiov Palamédés (SK 2013)

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